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Journal Articles BMC Bioinformatics Year : 2019

A pan-cancer somatic mutation embedding using autoencoders

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Abstract

Abstract Background Next generation sequencing instruments are providing new opportunities for comprehensive analyses of cancer genomes. The increasing availability of tumor data allows to research the complexity of cancer disease with machine learning methods. The large available repositories of high dimensional tumor samples characterised with germline and somatic mutation data requires advance computational modelling for data interpretation. In this work, we propose to analyze this complex data with neural network learning, a methodology that made impressive advances in image and natural language processing. Results Here we present a tumor mutation profile analysis pipeline based on an autoencoder model, which is used to discover better representations of lower dimensionality from large somatic mutation data of 40 different tumor types and subtypes. Kernel learning with hierarchical cluster analysis are used to assess the quality of the learned somatic mutation embedding, on which support vector machine models are used to accurately classify tumor subtypes. Conclusions The learned latent space maps the original samples in a much lower dimension while keeping the biological signals from the original tumor samples. This pipeline and the resulting embedding allows an easier exploration of the heterogeneity within and across tumor types and to perform an accurate classification of tumor samples in the pan-cancer somatic mutation landscape.

Dates and versions

hal-03320919 , version 1 (16-08-2021)

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Martin Palazzo, Pierre Beauseroy, Patricio Yankilevich. A pan-cancer somatic mutation embedding using autoencoders. BMC Bioinformatics, 2019, 20 (1), ⟨10.1186/s12859-019-3298-z⟩. ⟨hal-03320919⟩
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