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Journal Articles Electroanalysis Year : 2008

Carbon Cavity Microelectrode for Electrical Wiring of Enzyme by Insoluble Electroactive Species in Aqueous Media

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Abstract

The carbon cavity microelectrode (CME), exhibiting a volume of 4×10−6 cm3, offers a genuine alternative for immobilizing and connecting enzymes in aqueous electrolytes by powder of insoluble redox materials. In the present work, the electrochemical behavior of two redox species such as ferrocene (Fc) and tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) was investigated with CME to evaluate their potentialities in the electrical wiring of enzymes. For this purpose, powder of two enzymes, glucose oxidase (GOx) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP), was independently mixed with an insoluble redox material and forced to fill the single micro cavity of a carbon electrode covered by an inert insulator. The presence of the electroactive species, as well as the enzyme wiring was investigated by cyclic voltammetry. The amperometric detection of glucose was carried out by potentiostating the TTF/GOx and the Fc/GOx microelectrodes at 0.25 and 0.35 V respectively. The amperometric detection of H2O2 by the TTF/HRP microelectrode was performed at −0.1 V vs. SCE.

Dates and versions

hal-02529044 , version 1 (02-04-2020)

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Serge Cosnier, Rodica Elena Ionescu, Michel Keddam, Vincent Vivier. Carbon Cavity Microelectrode for Electrical Wiring of Enzyme by Insoluble Electroactive Species in Aqueous Media. Electroanalysis, 2008, 20 (7), pp.750-756. ⟨10.1002/elan.200704095⟩. ⟨hal-02529044⟩
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