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A Multi-thread GRASPxELS for the Heterogeneous Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem

Abstract : This chapter focuses on the definition of an efficient parallel metaheuristic which takes advantage of the multi-core design of recent processors. The approach is designed as a Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedure (GRASP) hybridized with a multi-threaded version of an Evolutionary Local Search (ELS) metaheuristic scheme. Our approach is evaluated on an extension of the Vehicle Routing Problem where a heterogeneous fleet of vehicles is available to service a set of customers. The objective consists in designing a set of trips for a limited heterogeneous fleet of vehicles located at a depot node which minimizes the total transportation cost. Each type of vehicles is defined by a capacity and by the number of available vehicles. The efficiency of the parallel approach is evaluated on a new set of real-life instances built out of data from the French districts. A fair comparative study, using a same implementation, is done to evaluate the impact of the number of threads on the convergence rate. Thus, a better trade-off between solution quality and computational time can be reached. The numerical experiments show that the hybrid GRASPxparallel ELS outperforms the classical iterative version and provides numerous new best solutions.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 13, 2020 - 5:31:56 PM
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Christophe Duhamel, Christophe Gouinaud, Philippe Lacomme, Caroline Prodhon. A Multi-thread GRASPxELS for the Heterogeneous Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem. Hybrid Metaheuristics, 434, pp.237-269, 2013, Studies in Computational Intelligence, 978-3-642-30671-6. ⟨10.1007/978-3-642-30671-6_9⟩. ⟨hal-02478156⟩

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