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ZnO Nanowires, Nanotubes, and Complex Hierarchical Structures Obtained by Electrochemical Deposition

Abstract : Increasing the aspect ratio of ZnO nanostructures is one possible strategy to improve their thermoelectric properties. ZnO nanostructures with one-dimensional (1D) and three-dimensional (3D) morphologies were obtained using electrochemical deposition. Adjusting various deposition parameters made it possible to obtain arrays of vertically aligned ZnO nanowires (NWs) with controlled dimensions, density, and electrical properties. The concentrations of zinc or chloride ions in the solution were found to be key parameters. ZnO NWs were transformed into ZnO nanotubes (NTs), with an increased aspect ratio compared with the NWs, by selectively dissolving the core of the ZnO NWs in a concentrated KCl solution. The aspect ratio was strongly increased when the ZnO NWs were hierarchically organized in a 3D morphology. The synthesis of thin films composed of ordered hollow urchin-like ZnO NW structures was performed by combining the electrochemical deposition and polystyrene sphere templating methods. The electronic properties of the urchin-like ZnO structures were investigated by means of photoluminescence and transmission measurements.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 10, 2020 - 3:45:19 PM
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Jamil Elias, Johann Michler, Laetitia Philippe, Ming-Yun Lin, Christophe Couteau, et al.. ZnO Nanowires, Nanotubes, and Complex Hierarchical Structures Obtained by Electrochemical Deposition. Journal of Electronic Materials, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2011, 40 (5), pp.728-732. ⟨10.1007/s11664-011-1530-3⟩. ⟨hal-02473193⟩

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