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Towards a new platform for quantum photonics applications

Abstract : Very recently, the interest for quantum technologies by the scientific community and industry has strongly increased. Different types of implementations have been proposed as a practical implementation for a quantum bit. In particular, quantum photonics is a strong candidate for such applications. We are interested in using single photons and single spins in diamond as a solid state host matrix (nanodiamonds or membranes). Integration of nanosources of light is currently a major bottleneck preventing the realisation of all-photonic chips for quantum technologies and nanophotonics applications. Ideally, one needs optical circuitry, on-chip photodetection and on-chip generation of quantum states of light (single photons, entangled photons…). Our recent work on a new platform for quantum photonics using integrated optics can offer an easier and robust way to create compact quantum circuits that can be on chip and scalable. In this context, the coupling between waveguides and single photon emitters is critical. The goal of our research is to efficiently couple single photon emitters with a new platform made of optical glass waveguides. These waveguides are based on the so-called ion-exchange glass technology and is know in the photonics industry for quite some time but has never been used in the context of quantum technologies. Efficient light-matter interface is of primordial importance in this system. To achieve this goal, several paths are undertaken such as the use of dielectric and plasmonic structuration in order to increase the light interaction with the waveguide or to develop fabrication techniques to insert the emitters directly inside the guide (for nanodiamonds). We will show what is our current state of the art for placing single emitters at the right place on our optical waveguides made of ion-exchange in glass and in particular what can be done to improve our first promising results in order to get near unity coupling between the optical bus and single photon emitters. We will show first results with semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) but also using nitrogen-vacancy and silicon-vacancy defects in nanodiamond. The very first step in of our approach consists in the design of the structured waveguide using electromagnetic FDTD. We demonstrated that it is possible to achieve more than 90% coupling. In practice, before using coloured centres in diamond, we started working with CdSe/ZnS semiconductor nanocrystals. So far, we use straight waveguides defined to be single modes at the nominal wavelength of the emission line of the nanoemitters. The positioning of nanoemitters is still a challenge to be achieved. We developed an original technique based on photopolymerisation of light where the nanocrystals are grafted into a light sensitive polymer and can be placed at adequate positions.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 5, 2020 - 4:08:31 PM
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Christophe Couteau, Mackrine Nahra, Muhammad Muhammad, Stefano Pierini, Xiaolun Xu, et al.. Towards a new platform for quantum photonics applications. Advances in Photonics of Quantum Computing, Memory, and Communication XII, Feb 2019, San Francisco, United States. pp.27, ⟨10.1117/12.2516240⟩. ⟨hal-02468260⟩



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