Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Nanowire Lasers

Abstract : We review principles and trends in the use of semiconductor nanowires as gain media for stimulated emission and lasing. Semiconductor nanowires have recently been widely studied for use in integrated optoelectronic devices, such as light-emitting diodes (LEDs), solar cells, and transistors. Intensive research has also been conducted in the use of nanowires for subwavelength laser systems that take advantage of their quasione- dimensional (1D) nature, flexibility in material choice and combination, and intrinsic optoelectronic properties. First, we provide an overview on using quasi-1D nanowire systems to realize subwavelength lasers with efficient, directional, and low-threshold emission. We then describe the state of the art for nanowire lasers in terms of materials, geometry, andwavelength tunability.Next,we present the basics of lasing in semiconductor nanowires, define the key parameters for stimulated emission, and introduce the properties of nanowires. We then review advanced nanowire laser designs from the literature. Finally, we present interesting perspectives for low-threshold nanoscale light sources and optical interconnects. We intend to illustrate the potential of nanolasers inmany applications, such as nanophotonic devices that integrate electronics and photonics for next-generation optoelectronic devices. For instance, these building blocks for nanoscale photonics can be used for data storage and biomedical applications when coupled to on-chip characterization tools. These nanoscale monochromatic laser light sources promise breakthroughs in nanophotonics, as they can operate at room temperature, can potentially be electrically driven, and can yield a better understanding of intrinsic nanomaterial properties and surface-state effects in lowdimensional semiconductor systems.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-utt.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02434818
Contributor : Daniel Gavrysiak <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 10, 2020 - 12:58:29 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 11, 2020 - 1:41:39 AM

Links full text

Identifiers

Collections

P2MN | UTT | CNRS

Citation

Christophe Couteau, Alexandre Larrue, Christophe Wilhelm, Cesare Soci. Nanowire Lasers. Nanophotonics, Walter de Gruyter, 2015, 4 (1), ⟨10.1515/nanoph-2015-0005⟩. ⟨hal-02434818⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

28