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The Impact of Natural Disasters on Critical Infrastructures: A Domino Effect-based Study

Abstract : Recent events show a significant increase in the number of disasters with natural and/or technological causes, which could have potentially serious consequences for critical infrastructures. Were these infrastructures to fail or be destroyed, the resulting cascade effect (chain of accidents) could lead to catastrophic damage and affect not only the plants, but also people, the environment and the economy. This rise in the number of disasters over the years is due to industrial and human activity as well as society’s sensitivity to major events (hazards). The construction of industrial complexes brings with it stocks of hazardous substances, increased transport infrastructure (road, railways, shipping and pipelines), a rise in population and its concentration, malicious behavior and human error. This paper presents a methodology for carrying out risk assessments on critical infrastructure through the analysis of cascade effects. The proposed methodology can be used to provide critical infrastructures with greater protection and to limit/mitigate the extent of the damage caused by their failure. The paper ends with a conclusion and as series of proposal for improving such an analysis.
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https://hal-utt.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02365385
Contributor : Jean-Baptiste Vu Van <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 15, 2019 - 1:32:24 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 4, 2020 - 5:42:02 PM

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Farid Kadri, Babiga Birregah, Eric Chatelet. The Impact of Natural Disasters on Critical Infrastructures: A Domino Effect-based Study. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 2014, ⟨10.1515/jhsem-2012-0077⟩. ⟨hal-02365385⟩

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