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Apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy for ion exchange channel waveguide characterization

Abstract : We report the characterization of an integrated Ag+/Na+ ion exchange waveguide realized in a silicate glass substrate using apertureless scanning near‐field optical microscopy. Our experimental set‐up is based on the combination of a commercial atomic force microscope with an optical confocal detection system. Thanks to this system, the topography and evanescent optical field at the waveguide top surface are mapped simultaneously. Also, the process of apertureless scanning near‐field optical microscopy image formation is analysed. In particular, fringe patterns appearing in the image reveal the intrinsic interferometric nature of the collected signal, due to interference between the field scattered by the tip end and background fields related to guide losses. We give a quantitative interpretation of these fringes. Evanescent intensity mapping on the sample surface allowed us to extract physical waveguide parameters. In particular, it shows an unambiguous multimode beat along the waveguide propagation axis. Furthermore, we show that analysis of this intensity profile reveals back‐reflection effects from the waveguide exit facet. The resulting standing waves pattern allows us to evaluate the eigenmode propagation constants.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 20, 2019 - 12:56:08 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 6, 2020 - 3:54:34 AM



Sylvain Blaize, Sebastien Aubert, Aurélien Bruyant, Renaud Bachelot, Gilles Lerondel, et al.. Apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy for ion exchange channel waveguide characterization. Journal of Microscopy, Wiley, 2003, 209 (3), pp.155-161. ⟨10.1046/j.1365-2818.2003.01106.x⟩. ⟨hal-02292911⟩



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