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Journal Articles IEEE Transactions on Communications Year : 2021

Beamwidth Optimization and Resource Partitioning Scheme for Localization Assisted mm-wave Communications

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Abstract

We study a millimeter wave (mm-wave) wireless network deployed along the roads of an urban area, to support localization and communication services simultaneously for outdoor mobile users. In this network, we propose a mm-wave initial beam-selection scheme based on localization-bounds, which greatly reduces the initial access delay as compared to traditional initial access schemes for standalone mm-wave small cell base station (BS). Then, we introduce a downlink transmission protocol, in which the radio frames are partitioned into three phases, namely, initial access, data, and localization, respectively. We establish a trade-off between the localization and communication performance of mm-wave systems, and show how enhanced localization can actually improve the data-communication performance. Our results suggest that dense BS deployments enable to allocate more resources to the data phase while still maintaining appreciable localization performance. Furthermore, for the case of sparse deployments and large beam dictionary size (i.e., with thinner beams), more resources must be allotted to the localization phase for optimizing the rate coverage. Based on our results, we provide several system design insights and dimensioning rules for the network operators that will deploy the first generation of mm-wave BSs.
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Dates and versions

hal-03122763 , version 1 (05-02-2021)

Identifiers

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G. Ghatak, R. Koirala, A. de Domenico, B. Denis, D. Dardari, et al.. Beamwidth Optimization and Resource Partitioning Scheme for Localization Assisted mm-wave Communications. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 2021, 69 (2), pp.1358-1374. ⟨10.1109/TCOMM.2020.3036864⟩. ⟨hal-03122763⟩
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